Chipping away at these needs can seem overwhelming. But New York has an opportunity, one shared by cities across the country, to improve library infrastructure while creating badly needed housing. By using aging branches as sites for development, new libraries may rise with affordable apartments on top. The administration of Mayor Bill de Blasio should seize the chance at sites citywide to link these crucial needs.
Michelle de la Uz has made a career of tackling complicated affordable housing projects. As the executive director of the Fifth Avenue Committee, she has helped build hundreds of units inside developments that include community spaces, medical offices and prekindergartens. Ã¢Â€ÂœIt shouldnÃ¢Â€Â™t just be the communities that can support these projects Ã¢Â€Â” every neighborhood, and every community, deserves great civic spaces,Ã¢Â€Â said Ms. de la Uz, who is also a city planning commissioner.
In 2014, the city selected the Fifth Avenue Committee to undertake the novel task of redeveloping the Sunset Park branch. There, an eight-story building will rise, with the first two floors dedicated to a library 75 percent larger than the one there now. The floors above will have 49 apartments, all of which will be rented to low- and middle-income families in perpetuity.
Imagine if the city did the same at the branch in Corona, Queens, where cramped quarters force study groups to huddle on the floor; or Red Hook, Brooklyn, where families from the nearby housing projects are eager for more job training; or Brighton Beach, Brooklyn, where rising sea levels and storms like Sandy threaten its very operations.
Some might complain that such public-private partnerships do not earn the libraries enough space or money, or that the resulting buildings are too big. Such criticism ignores the complexities of building in the countryÃ¢Â€Â™s oldest and largest metropolis. These deals do not undermine the libraries within Ã¢Â€Â” they underpin their futures. When cities lack housing, new libraries and capital dollars, here is a way to get all three for the nominal public investment of an underused property, one the public continues to own once it is built.
Indeed, New York has already undertaken a number of library partnerships that underscore their promise.
Across from the Museum of Modern Art, a new 53rd Street branch has opened beneath a luxury hotel to largely positive reviews. New residential towers, from Battery Park City to the BAM Cultural District in Fort Greene, have incorporated libraries. A similar development underway in Brooklyn Heights has drawn criticism for having only market-rate apartments; this overlooks the $52 million earned in the deal, which is underwriting the Sunset Park project, among others.
Admirable as these are, New York has fallen well short of its potential. The city has built only 16 branches the past two decades, a paltry 8 percent increase, and nothing compared with rival metropolitan areas.
Other cities are much further ahead. Starting in 1995, Chicago created a master plan tying libraries to community development and has replaced more than three-quarters of its branches. In 1998, Seattle issued the largest library bond in history, allowing for the construction or replacement of all 27 branches. And Columbus, Ohio, unveiled a plan to double, and possibly triple, its systemÃ¢Â€Â™s square footage over two decades.
New York ought to take such an integrated approach to the billion-dollar needs of its libraries. At the very least, it should embrace the partnerships already flourishing here and foster even more.
My organization, the Center for an Urban Future, working with the architecture firm Marble Fairbanks, has identified at least 25 libraries with surplus development rights. These could easily be redeveloped into libraries beneath housing, or even offices or manufacturing centers, depending on a communityÃ¢Â€Â™s needs. Factoring in some smart rezonings, dozens more libraries could be upgraded in this fashion.
The Robin Hood Foundation is seeking to nurture this model. In 2015, the foundation offered the de Blasio administration a challenge grant of $25 million, to be divided among five libraries, one in each borough. A $5 million match from the city effectively covers the cost of building out a library, which would be in a new affordable housing complex. It is akin to the venture in Sunset Park.
Ã¢Â€ÂœThe city has used up most of its vacant land, so we really have to get creative about our existing resources,Ã¢Â€Â said Beatriz De La Torre, Robin HoodÃ¢Â€Â™s managing director of housing.
So far, the administration is piloting this effort in only one location, Inwood Library on the upper reaches of Broadway. But many neighborhoods are clamoring for both affordable housing and expanded library services.
Libraries have become 21st-century settlement houses, providing a world of resources under one roof. They help bridge the digital divide, invest in early literacy and lifelong learning, increase language skills and serve as civic hubs. LetÃ¢Â€Â™s add affordable housing to the list.